Place of origin: Calabria in southern Italy.
The tree cannot be propagated by seed; it has to be grafted onto the bitter orange trees.
Part of the plant used: A small yellowish pear shaped fruit.
Method of extraction: Expression
It is considered to be one of the most popular essential oils for use in perfumery. It was and still is an important ingredient in the classic Eau de Cologne formula, being blended with Neroli, Rosemary, and rectified spirits.
It is an ideal oil to use in an oil burner, bath or massage for anxiety, depression, and nervous tension.
Its cooling and refreshing quality seems to soothe anger and frustration.
Combined with tea tree it is used as a treatment for cold sores, chicken pox, and shingles.
Avoid exposure to the sun after having used bergamot in massage or bath.